Gallic Acid

Gallic acid is a potent antioxidant found in pomegranate, and star fruit.

Gallic acid induces Estradiol 17beta-dehydrogenase oxidation by 30%.[1] It induces SULT1A1 and SULT1A3.[2] It also inhibits xanthine oxidase and aldehyde dehydrogenase.

Chemical Properties

PubChem Compound ID: 370
Molecular Weight: 170.11954 [g/mol]
Molecular Formula: C7H6O5
XLogP3: 0.7
H-Bond Donor: 4
H-Bond Acceptor: 5
IUPAC Name: 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid
InChI: InChI=1S/C7H6O5/c8-4-1-3(7(11)12)2-5(9)6(4)10/h1-2,8-10H,(H,11,12)
Canonical SMILES: C1=C(C=C(C(=C1O)O)O)C(=O)O

1. Olive oil phenols inhibit human hepatic microsomal activity.
Stupans I, Stretch G, Hayball P. PubChem PMID 10958837
2. Effects of phenolic acids on human phenolsulfotransferases in relation to their antioxidant activity.
Yeh CT, Yen GC. PubMed PMID: 12590501
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